Canadian Migration Monitoring Network


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Canadian Migration Monitoring Network
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Canadian Migration Monitoring Network: The Canadian Migration Monitoring Network (CMMN) involves the cooperation of many bird observatories across the country. Bird Studies Canada is developing standards for data collection, preparing computer software to aid with data entry for migration counts, and developing analysis programs to calculate trends automatically using the data from each station. The stations, of course, are actively involved in the actual field work?counting and banding birds across the country. Much of this work is done by volunteers.


Bird Studies Canada: Bird Studies Canada (BSC) is Canada's national bird conservation organization. Its mission is to advance the understanding, appreciation and conservation of wild birds and their habitats through studies that engage the skills, enthusiasm and support of volunteers, members, staff and the interested public. BSC conducts a wide range of local, regional, national and international programs, dependant upon the active involvement of thousands of volunteer "Citizen Scientists", guided by a small group of professional scientists.


Canadian Wildlife Service: The Canadian Wildlife Service - Environment Canada is Canada's national wildlife agency, which handles wildlife matters that are the responsibility of the federal government. This includes the protection and management of migratory birds and nationally important wildlife habitat, endangered species, research on nationally important wildlife issues, control of international trade in endangered species, and international treaties.


Beaverhill Bird Observatory: Beaverhill Bird Observatory is located 80 km southeast of Edmonton, on the southeast corner of Beaverhill Lake (13,900 hectares). The station operates from May through October and is located in Beaverhill Lake Natural Area, an internationally recognized birding area known for its shorebirds and waterfowl. There is a bunkhouse on site, but volunteers may need to stay in tents.


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Atlantic Bird Observatory: Affiliated with Acadia University, the Atlantic Bird Observatory is comprised of two coastal sites: Bon Portage (Outer) Island and Seal Island. Although there have been many years of historical, intermittent banding, the Observatory has been operating on a regular basis since 1995 (in both spring and fall).


Albert Creek Bird Observatory: Albert Creek Bird Observatory is a project of the Southeast Yukon Proper Land Use Society. ACBO operates a migration monitoring station in southeast Yukon, 15 Km west of Watson Lake. The station is road-accessible and is open to the public. The station is on land within the Kaska traditional territory. Watson Lake is the nearest airport with charter flights available. The nearest international airport is Whitehorse 456 km to the west.


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Tadoussac Bird Observatory: Observatoire d'oiseaux de Tadoussac is located at the mouth of the Saguenay River on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River, about 200 km northeast of Québec City and 4 km NE of Tadoussac, in a jointly owned federal/provincial park. In operation since 1993, this station had its early focus on hawk and owl migration, but a songbird program was initiated in 1995.


Long Point Bird Observatory: Long Point Bird Observatory (LPBO) was founded by the Ontario Bird Banding Association in 1960 and is the oldest institution of its kind in the Western Hemisphere. LPBO was formally incorporated as a non-profit research organization in 1968. After thirty years of growth and development, the name of the corporation was changed to Bird Studies Canada to reflect the national scope of its expanded suite of programs. Since 1998, LPBO has continued to operate as a local program of Burd Studies Canada.


Whitefish Point Bird Observatory: Whitefish Point Bird Observatory has been in operation since 1979 and runs a migration monitoring program in spring and fall. Located adjacent to Whitefish Point National Wildlife Refuge, WPBO operates 2 field stations in beautiful locations on the south shore of Lake Superior about 50 km NW of Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario in Michigan.


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Vaseux Lake Migration Monitoring Station: Operated by the Canadian Wildlife Service from 1994 to 1998, and from 2001 on by the Okanagan Similkameen Conservation Alliance , this migration monitoring station is located at the north end of Vaseux Lake, BC (Vaseux-Bighorn National Wildlife Area in the Okanagan Valley). Species commonly sampled are Orange-crowned Warbler, Gray Catbird, Song Sparrow, Willow Flycatcher, "Audubon's" Warbler, and Common Yellowthroat.


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Tommy Thompson Park Bird Research Station: The Tommy Thompson Park Bird Research Station was initiated in 2003 to contribute to the understanding and conservation of birds and their environments through monitoring, research and education. The core activity of TTPBRS is the Migration Monitoring Program (MMP), which runs daily in spring from April 1- June 9 and from August 5- November 12 in the fall. Each day staff and volunteers complete a census, point count surveys and 6 hours of mist netting (weather permitting).


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Thunder Cape Bird Observatory: Thunder Cape Bird Observatory is located in a clearing at the extreme southern tip of the Sibley Peninsula, a long broad tongue of forested land that extends into Lake Superior from the north shore. A pilot migration monitoring project was carried out in 1991, and TCBO has been operating in spring and fall ever since. Although the Observatory is only 25 km from the city of Thunder Bay (as the raven flies), it is a remote and relatively inaccessible site. With support from Sleeping Giant Provincial Park, Thunder Bay Bird Observatory is a joint project of the Thunder Bay Field Naturalists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Bird Studies Canada.


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St. Andrews Bird Banding Station: The St. Andrew's Banding Station is located on grounds owned by the Huntsman Marine Science Centre just outside the town of St.Andrews-by-the-Sea. Standardized passerine banding began in 1989 and since then over 13,200 birds of 90 species have been banded. The Station's fourteen mist nets are located in second growth habitat adjacent to the St. Croix Estuary and the important bird areas of Passamaquoddy Bay. The field season runs from May until the end of October.


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Rocky Point Bird Observatory: Established in 1994, Rocky Point Bird Observatory is located southwest of Victoria, B.C. on the extreme southern tip of Vancouver Island, on property owned by the Department of National Defence. Situated on the Strait of Juan da Fuca, the unique topography and ecosystems here serve as a migratory stopover and staging area for many bird species.


Prince Edward Point Bird Observatory: Prince Edward Point Bird Observatory is located at the eastern tip of Prince Edward Point, on the north shore of Lake Ontario, about 20 minutes drive southeast of Picton. The field station is located in a National Wildlife Area, maintained by the Canadian Wildlife Service. Migration monitoring activities occur in the spring and fall. The Observatory was established as a migration monitoring station in 1995 to continue the research first started by the Kingston Field Naturalists in the 1970s and 1980s. In total, about 300 species of birds have been recorded at Prince Edward Point, with about 220 species being recorded during the average year.


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Point Lepreau: This site is a peninsula on the Bay of Fundy, located about 80 km southwest of Saint John, NB; no overnight facilities. The St. John Naturalists' Club operates the station. Work is presently focusing on assessing the passage of seabirds (particularly scoters, Common Eider, loons, and alcids), but the site may hold promise for monitoring landbird migration.


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Pelee Island Bird Observatory: The Pelee Island Bird Observatory was established in 2003 and functioned as a program of the Pelee Island Heritage Centre, which is dedicated to researching, interpreting and preserving Pelee Island's human and natural history. PIBO gained it's own charitable status in 2006 and acquired two pieces of property, one with a field station and staff housing. The observatory became a provisional member of CMMN-RCSM in 2006.


McGill Bird Observatory: McGill Bird Observatory is a project of the Migration Research Foundation, and has affiliations with McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. MBO operates a migration monitoring station on private, McGill-owned land located in the west end of Montreal, near the Macdonald Campus of McGill University. The station is road-accessible and open to the public by appointment.


Mackenzie Nature Observatory: Mackenzie's Migration Monitoring Program is a joint project of Mackenzie Nature Observatory and the Canadian Wildlife Service (Delta, BC). The station has been in operation since 1995. Mackenzie is located in north central British Columbia, a beautiful, two-hour drive north of Prince George. Our banding station is located 14 kilometres northwest of Mackenzie within the Rocky Mountain Trench, between the Parsnip Reach of Williston Reservoir and the Rocky Mountains. The station operates daily from approx. July 22 - Sept. 24. Additional migration monitoring is carried out by volunteers who conduct visual surveys on 3 different one-kilometre transects on weekends during the spring migration and when possible during the fall. The transects are located in mainly riparian habitat, one adjacent to Mugaha Banding Station, one at Chichouyenily Creek approx. 3.5 km west of Mackenzie and one at Gagnon Creek 10.4 km south of Mackenzie.


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Lesser Slave Lake Bird Observatory: Founded in 1994, Lesser Slave Lake Bird Observatory is located in northern Alberta in Lesser Slave Lake Provincial Park, on the east shore of Lesser Slave Lake. The Observatory is about a 2.5 hour drive northwest of Edmonton. The park boasts the best sand beach in Alberta. Lesser Slave Lake is the second largest lake in Alberta- 107 km long and 20 km wide. The lake and area was declared a Globally Significant, Important Bird Area, on June 3, 2000.


Last Mountain Bird Observatory: Last Mountain Bird Observatory is located in Last Mountain Regional Park on the northeast shore of Last Mountain Lake, near the town of Govan. The site is the home to the oldest bird sanctuary in North America. The migration monitoring station runs in spring and fall and operates under the auspices of the Saskatchewan Natural History Society (Nature Saskatchewan) and the Canadian Wildlife Service. LMBO has comfortable on-site facilities for volunteers.


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Innis Point Bird Observatory: Founded in 1982 by the Ottawa Banding Group, the Innis Point Bird Observatory is located on Department of National Defense property along the Ottawa River, near Shirley's Bay, just 12 km west of Ottawa. IPBO is a non-profit organization dedicated to the study of birds and natural history. Migration monitoring occurs in spring only at 2 distinct sites (Point and Field) about 2 km apart. Other research/monitoring projects include Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS), Breeding Bird Census, Tree Swallow, Eastern Bluebird and Purple Martin research, and Snow Bunting banding in winter.


Inglewood Bird Sanctuary: Inglewood Bird Sanctuary is a 34-hectare (80 acre) site located in a federal migratory bird sanctuary along the Bow River in Calgary. The site is dominated by a mature, riparian forest. The migration monitoring station has been operated by the Calgary Bird Banding Society since 1992.


Haldimand Bird Observatory: Established in 1996, Haldimand Bird Observatory operates three stations: Selkirk Provincial Park, Rock Point Banding Station (both on the north shore of Lake Erie) and Ruthven Park near Cayuga, Ontario. All are readily accessible by road.


Gros Morne National Park Migration Monitoring Station: Gros Morne National Park is located 1.5 km west of Rocky Harbour, at Lobster Cove Head. Gros Morne is a large park known for its spectacular scenery. Operated by Parks Canada, the migration monitoring site is located in a spruce/tamarack bog and spruce headland. The operation here is fairly new (since 1998) and is still in the pilot phase.


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Delta Marsh Bird Observatory: Delta Marsh Bird Observatory (DMBO), located at the south end of Lake Manitoba (24 km north of Portage la Prairie), has been operating since 1992, initially as a fall monitoring site, and then in 1995 as both spring and fall.


Bruce Peninsula Bird Observatory: The Bruce Peninsula Bird Observatory (BPBO) began in 1995 as an informal group of bird banders working under a Canadian Wildlife Service banding permit. In 2001, BPBO incorporated as a charitable non-profit dedicated to bird study and conservation on the Bruce Peninsula.


Brier Island Bird Migration Research Station: The western most point of land in Nova Scotia, Brier Island is found at the southern end of a low, basalt mountain ridge, running much of the length of Nova Scotia's Bay of Fundy coastline. More than 20 years of migration monitoring has demonstrated excellent fall songbird and raptor migration. The island has long been recognized as one of the most important bird areas in the Maritimes, and is considered a mecca for Canadian birders with over 325 species having been noted there. The research station is situated on property owned by Acadia University and operates only in the fall.


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